OJSC National Air Company Uzbekistan Airways, operating as Uzbekistan Airways (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Havo Yoʻllari, Ўзбекистон Ҳаво Йўллари; Russian: Узбекские Авиалинии), is the flag carrier airline of Uzbekistan, headquartered in Tashkent. From its hub at Tashkent International Airport, the airline serves a number of domestic destinations; the company also flies international services to Asia, Europe and North America.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Uzbek President Islam Karimov in 1992 authorised the creation of Uzbekistan Airways. The airline was established on 28 January 1992, and took over the operations of the Uzbekistan division of Aeroflot on 31 May 1992. The airline’s maiden flight was from Tashkent to London. In 1993, Uzbekistan Airways acquired its first two Airbus A310-300s. Domestic flights used Russian-built aircraft that formerly belonged to Aeroflot. When international routes were prioritised, Airbus aircraft were introduced, starting in 1993. The two A310s were counted as part of the fleet at March 1995, along with Russian-built aircraft (25 Antonov An-24/26s, one Ilyushin Il-62, 13 Ilyushin Il-76s, one Ilyushin Il-86s, 23 Tupolev Tu-154 and three Yakovlev Yak-40s). By this time, the airline was still the sole operator in the country. Late in 1995, the carrier ordered its first Boeing aircraft: two Boeing 767-300ERs and a single Boeing 757.
Uzbekistan Airways was the launch customer for the Ilyushin Il-114; it took delivery of the first, locally assembled aircraft, in July 1998. Two more Boeing 757-200s were directly ordered from Boeing in April 1999. Late in 1999, the company took ownership of the first of these two 184-seater Boeing 757-200.
At April 2000, the airline had 16,296 employees. At this time, the fleet comprised three Airbus A310-300s, three Antonov An-12s, one Antonov An-24, 18 Antonov An-24Bs, three Antonov An-24RVs, three Boeing 757-200s, two Boeing 767-300ERs, three Avro RJ85s, four Ilyushin Il-114s, two Ilyushin Il-62s, six Ilyushin Il-62Ms, ten Ilyushin Il-76Ts, nine Ilyushin Il-86s, 15 Tupolev Tu-154Bs, two Tupolev Tu-154Ms and 19 Yakovlev Yak-40s. Destinations served at the time included Almaty, Amsterdam, Andizhan, Ashgabat, Athens, Baku, Bangkok, Beijing, Bishkek, Bukhara, Chelyabinsk, Delhi, Dhaka, Ekaterinburg, Fergana, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Jeddah, Karshi, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Kuala Lumpur, London, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow, Namangan, New York, Novosibirsk, Nukus, Omsk, Paris, Riyadh, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Samarkand, Seoul, Sharjah, Simferopol, St. Petersburg, Tashkent, Tel Aviv, Termez, Tyumen, Ufa and Urgench.
Two more Boeing 767-300ERs, equipped with Pratt & Whitney PW4000 powerplants, were ordered in 2001 and scheduled for delivery in 2002.
Uzbekistan Airways carried 2.625 million passengers in 2014, a 1.9% decrease year-on-year (YOY), whereas 4.6% more cargo was handled YOY.
Since its formation, Uzbekistan Airways has focused its passenger service on Western Europe and other international locations. Most international flights operate from Tashkent, although international services to other Uzbek cities exist. The carrier is not part of any partnership or airline alliance.
Uzbekistan Airways has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:
As of June 2019, the airline operates the following aircraft:
|Airbus A320-200||10||—||—||12||138||150||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Boeing 757-200||6||—||—||28||156||184||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Boeing 767-300ER||7||—||10||40||157||207||One aircraft operating for the Government of Uzbekistan|
|Uzbekistan Airways Cargo fleet|
In mid-2007, the carrier ordered six Airbus A320s; by that time the fleet was 55 strong, comprising ten different aircraft models; the Russian-built Yakovlev Yak-40 was among them. Also that year, the airline ordered two Boeing 787-8s.
In late 2008, the company ordered four Boeing 767-300ERs in a US$597 million deal, and the A320 order was boosted to ten aircraft. The airline took delivery of its first A320 in July 2010; the type started operations servicing the Tashkent–Baku route. The first of four Boeing 767-300ERs ordered in 2008 was delivered in February 2012, coinciding with the carrier’s 20th anniversary. Also in 2012, the airline retired the An-24 from active service. It was announced in May 2013 that the Islamic Development Bank signed a deal for US$270 million with the Government of Uzbekistan that will be partly (US$170 million) used to finance the acquisition of two Boeing aircraft, yet the type involved was not disclosed. In July 2013, the Airbus A310 was retired from active service.
The airline decided to convert two of the oldest Boeing 767-300ERs into freighters. Conversion of the first aircraft was completed in December 2014. In late December 2014, the second converted aircraft arrived in Tashkent.
Uzbekistan Airways received its first Boeing 787-8 in late August 2016. The Business Class on the 787 features the first fully flat seats of the carrier.
Uzbekistan Airways previously operated the following aircraft:
- Airbus A310-300
- Antonov An-24B
- Antonov An-24RV
- Avro RJ85
- Ilyushin Il-62
- Ilyushin Il-62M
- Ilyushin Il-76T
- Ilyushin Il-86
- Ilyushin Il-114-100
- Tupolev Tu-154B
- Tupolev Tu-154M
- Yakovlev Yak-40
Accidents and incidents
According to the Aviation Safety Network, as of January 2013 the airline experienced eight accidents and incidents throughout its history, totalling 54 reported fatalities; only those involving fatalities and hull-losses are listed below.
|Date||Location||Aircraft||Tail number||Fatalities||Description of the event|
|17 June 1995||Nukus, Uzbekistan||Antonov An-2R||UK-33058||Unknown||Crashed 43 km (27 mi) away from the city under undisclosed circumstances.|
|26 August 1999||Turtkul, Uzbekistan||Yakovlev Yak-40||UK-87848||2/33||The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled Tashkent–Turtkul passenger service when struck power lines, gear-up, after a second go-around at Turtkul Airport. It belly landed, and slid for some 130 m (430 ft), before coming to rest close to an embankment.|
|13 January 2004||Tashkent, Uzbekistan||Yakovlev Yak-40||UK-87985||37/37||The airplane was completing a domestic scheduled Termez–Tashkent passenger service as Flight 1154 when it landed more than 250 m (820 ft) past the runway threshold at Tashkent Airport. The aircraft continued its run, the right wing struck a concrete building, moments later the left wing was lost, and hit a concrete wall that caused the airframe to break up, eventually coming to rest into a ditch and catching fire.|
|19 October 2006||Aranchi, Uzbekistan||Antonov An-2TP||UK-70152||15/15||Crashed amid bad weather, on approach to the Aranchi airfield, while operating a military training flight.|
|August 2009||Zarafshan, Uzbekistan||Antonov An-24RV||UK-46658||0||Premature retraction of the undercarriage during the takeoff run at Zarafshan Airport.|
|Founded||28 January 1992|
|Commenced operations||31 May 1992|
|Hubs||Tashkent International Airport|
|Frequent-flyer program||Uz Air Plus|
|Company slogan||″National airline of Uzbekistan″|
|Parent company||Government of Uzbekistan|
- Montag-Girmes, Polina (31 August 2016). “Uzbekistan Airways takes first Boeing 787”. Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 3 September 2016.
- “Uzbekistan Airways – About Us”. Uzbekistan Airways. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
Address: 41 A. Temur street, Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 100060
- “Uzbekistan Airways takes first production Il-114 turboprop”. Flightglobal. Flight International. 12 August 1998. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
- “Air transport – CIS buys 757s and 767s”. Flight International. 148 (4496): 9. 1–7 November 1995. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2 November 2018.
- “World Airline Directory – Uzbekistan Airways”. Flight International. 157 (4721): 107. 28 March – 3 April 2001. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013.
- “SubFleets for: Uzbekistan Airways”. AeroTransport Data Bank. 20 May 2013. Archived from the original on 21 September 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
- “Air transport–Airbus delivers number 1,000”. Flight International. 143 (4363): 10. 31 March – 6 April 1993. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2 November 2018.
- “World airlibne directory–Uzbekistan Airways”. Flight International. 29 March – 4 April 1995. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2 November 2018.
- “Commercial Aircraft Directory—ILYUSHIN – IL-114” (PDF). Flight International: 53. 25–31 August 1999. Retrieved 5 October2011.
- “Marketplace”. Flightglobal. Flight International. 28 April 1999. Archived from the original on 4 November 2018.
Uzbekistan Airways has purchased two Boeing 757-200s from the manufacturer.
- “Uzbekistan takes first 757-200”. Flightglobal. Flight International. 15 September 1999. Archived from the original on 4 November 2018.
- “Marketplace”. Flightglobal. Flight International. 27 March 2001. Archived from the original on 4 November 2018.
Uzbekistan Airways has placed orders for two Pratt &Whitney PW4000-powered 767-300ERs for delivery in 2002.
- “В 2014 году пассажиропоток Uzbekistan Airways незначительно снизился”. ATO.ru. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original on 26 January 2015.
- “Uzbekistan Airways Timetable (Effective 28 October 2018 – 30 March 2019)” (PDF). Uzbekistan Airways. March 2018. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 November 2018.
- “Profile on Uzbekistan Airways”. CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Young, Kathryn M. (8 June 2015). “Airline Routes-8 June 2015”. Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015.
AirBaltic has extended its codeshare agreement with Uzbekistan Airways. Fliers on New York-Riga will fly on Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 767 service 2X-weekly; service from Riga and any Baltic Sea airport will be flown on airBaltic.
- Ltd. 2019, UBM (UK). “Alitalia resumes Uzbekistan Airways codeshare service from June 2017”. Routesonline.
- Liu, Jim (22 July 2019). “Alitalia expands Uzbekistan Airways codeshare from late-July 2019”. Routesonline. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- Liu, Jim (3 April 2018). “Uzbekistan Airways / Malaysia Airlines expands codeshare routes from April 2018”. Routesonline. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- Liu, Jim (2 April 2018). “Turkish Airlines / Uzbekistan Airways begins codeshare service from late-March 2018”. Routesonline. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- “Uzbekistan Airways expands Turkish Airlines codeshare from mid-April 2018”. routesonline.com. 4 May 2018.
- Liu, Jim (20 November 2018). “Uzbekistan Airways plans Turkish Airlines codeshare expansion in W18”. Routesonline. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
- “Uzbekistan Airways Fleet”. ch-aviation GmbH. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015.
- “Uzbekistan Airways Fleet”. /uzbekistan Airways.
- “Aircraft News”. Air Transport World. 19 July 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
Uzbekistan Airways received its first A320, configured in a two-class cabin layout seating 150 passengers, 12 in business and 138 in economy. It is the first of 10 A320s ordered directly from Airbus as part of the carrier’s strategic fleet modernization program. The A320 will make its first commercial flight today from Tashkent to Baku.(subscription required)
- “Airbus orders and deliveries”. Airbus. April 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019.
- “Третий Dreamliner НАК прибыл в Ташкент”. Газета.uz(in Russian). 18 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- “Boeing: Commercial”. www.boeing.com. Retrieved 10 July2018.
- “Uzbekistan Airways operates its last A310-300 flight”. ch-aviation. Archived from the original on 14 September 2013.
- Karp, Aaron (29 June 2007). “Airbus signs China A320 FAL agreement”. Air Transport World. Archived from the originalon 16 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
Separately, Uzbekistan Airways ordered six A320s as part of its fleet rationalization. It operates a mixed fleet of 55 aircraft spread over 10 different types from the 767-300ER to the Yak-40 but is rebuilding its fleet around 787s and A320s.
- “Other News – 10/11/2007”. 12 October 2007. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- “Узбекистан покупает Boeing 787” [Uzbekistan Airways buys Boeing 787s]. ATO.ru (in Russian). 2 June 2007. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015.
- Straus, Brian (10 November 2008). “Marsans, Uzbekistan firm aircraft orders”. Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
Uzbekistan finalized its order for four 767-300ERs worth $597 million at list prices, Boeing said.
- “Uzbekistan Orders Four 767s” (Press release). Boeing. 7 November 2008. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- “Uzbekistan Airways orders four A320s”. Air Transport World. 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (4 November 2008). “Uzbekistan Airways to take four more 767s and A320s”. Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 10 May2012.
- “Boeing Delivers Uzbekistan Airways 767-300ER as Airline Marks 20th Anniversary” (Press release). Boeing. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- “News”. ch-aviation GmbH. 18 February 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014.
- “IDB gives Uzbekistan USD 270 mln”. Jeddah: Kuwait News Agency. 29 May 2013. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Артём, Кореняко (2 December 2014). “Uzbekistan Airways конвертирует два Boeing 767”. ATO.ru. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015.
- “First Boeing 767-300 converted to freighter configuration delivered to Tashkent International Airport” (Press release). Uzbekistan Airways. 3 November 2014. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015.
- “Boeing-767-300BCF: Flights in new configuration” (Press release). Uzbekistan Airways. 23 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 February 2015.
- Hofmann, Kurt (19 May 2017). “Uzbekistan Airways launches 787-8 operations to New York”. Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 20 May 2017.
The airline took delivery of its first 787-8 in August 2016, which started commercial operations Sept. 5, 2016.
- “Exploring the Cabins of the Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner”. Talkairlines. Talkairlines. Retrieved 27 October2016.
- “Авиакомпания Uzbekistan Airways вывела из парка все Ил-114-100”. Авиатранспортное обозрение (in Russian). ATO.ru. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- “Uzbekistan Airways accident record”. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- Accident description for UK-33058 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 18 October 2011.
- Accident description for UK-87848 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 30 September 2011.
- “Uzbek Yak-40 crashes in Tashkent”. Flightglobal. Flight International. 20 January 2004. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015.
- Accident description for UK-87985 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 24 September 2011.
- Accident description for UK-70152 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 6 November 2011.
- Stringer, Robin (19 October 2006). “Uzbekistan Airways Plane Crashes on Military Flight, Killing 15”. Bloomberg. Archivedfrom the original on 18 June 2015.
- Accident description for UK-46658 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 6 November 2011.