Coimbra, Portugal falls to Ferdinand, king of Castile.
Jacques Cartier sails into the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
Civil war breaks out in Martinique.
Mary Ann “Mother” Bickerdyke begins working in Union hospitals.
At the Battle of Brandy Station in Virginia, Union and Confederate cavalries clash in the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War.
Bulgaria’s government is overthrown by the military.
Robert H. Goddard patents a rocket-fueled aircraft design.
The Japanese high command announces that “The Midway Occupation operations have been temporarily postponed.”
Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender.
After several unsuccessful attacks on French colonial troops, North Vietnam’s General Vo Nguyen Giap orders Viet Minh to withdraw from the Red River Delta.
At the Army-McCarthy hearings, attorney Joseph Welch asks Senator Joseph McCarthy “Have you no sense of decency?”
The first ballistic missile-carrying submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.
American advisor John Paul Vann is killed in a helicopter accident in Vietnam.
NASA publishes a report on the Challenger accident.