The New York-Presbyterian Hospital is a nonprofit academic medical center in New York City affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools: Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and Weill Cornell Medicine. It is composed of two distinct medical centers, Columbia University Irving Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical Center. As of 2020, the hospital is ranked as the 4th best hospital in the United States and 1st in the New York City metropolitan area by U.S. News & World Report. The hospital has around 20,000 employees and 2,678 beds in total and is one of the largest hospitals in the world.
The New York Hospital was founded in 1771 by Edinburgh graduate Samuel Bard. It received a Royal Charter granted by King George III of Great Britain and became associated with Weill Cornell Medical College upon the latter institution’s founding in 1898. It is the third oldest hospital in the United States, after NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue in New York (1736) and Pennsylvania Hospital (1751).
A 1927 endowment of more than $20 million by Payne Whitney expanded the hospital significantly and the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic is named in his honor. Other prominent donors have included Howard Hughes, William Randolph Hearst, Harry and Leona Helmsley, Maurice R. Greenberg, and the Baker, Whitney, Lasdon, and Payson families.
The Presbyterian Hospital was founded in 1868 by James Lenox, a New York philanthropist, and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, also founded by Samuel Bard in 1767. In 1910, Columbia University and Presbyterian Hospital reached an agreement to affiliate, forming the world’s first academic health center through the merger of existing institutions. During the 1920s, Edward S. Harkness and Anna Harkness purchased land and funded the construction of Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. In 1928, the two institutions fully moved to the new medical center.
In 1925, the Sloane Hospital for Women, a leader in obstetrics and gynecology that had been founded in 1886, was incorporated. In 1928, Sloan, along with The Squier Urological Clinic and the Vanderbilt Clinic, moved to Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center.
New York Hospital was the subject of a lawsuit from the family of Libby Zion, a young woman admitted in 1984 who died while under the care of overworked hospital residents. An investigation by the New York State Health Commissioner, the Bell Commission, led to restrictions on the number of hours residents could work and required oversight of their care by accredited physicians (this regulation is also known as the Libby Zion law). These reforms have since been adopted nationwide.
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, chartered as The New York and Presbyterian Hospital by the State of New York in 1996, was formed in 1998 with the merger of two large, previously independent hospitals, the New York Hospital and Presbyterian Hospital. The merger had been announced on January 1, 1998.
In the 2010s, the hospital began to supplement its physical presence with remote and online services. A telemedicine service allows patients to receive follow-up care remotely, a CAT-equipped ambulance (see below NYP-EMS) allows stroke care to take place outside the hospital, and a remote second opinion program uses Grand Rounds technology.
During the initial phase COVID-19 pandemic, NYP was at the center of the United States response to the pandemic in New York City in the spring of 2020. The hospital was able to triple its ICU bed capacity and ventilator support. During the crisis, teams at NYP/Columbia pioneered techniques to assist two patients with one ventilator and shared this around the country. NYP turned Baker Field and Columbia Soccer Stadium into a 288-bed field hospital in under two weeks.
As with many hospitals in the US, clinicians volunteered to help understaffed units. Over 1,000 people volunteered at NYP including teams from the University of Rochester Medical Center, UCSF Medical Center, Cayuga Medical Center, Mayo Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UAMS Medical Center, Intermountain Medical Center, and Dartmouth–Hitchcock Medical Center. In November 2020, as cases surged in Utah, a team of 31 nurses and staff from NYP traveled to Intermountain Health to ‘return the favor.’
On October 13, 2020, with a gift from Ray Dalio, NYP launched the Dalio Center for Health Justice, a research and advocacy organization, which will focus on reducing differences in access to quality health care that overwhelmingly affect communities of color.
NYP is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit system that includes a variety of outlying hospitals that had been affiliates of the legacy Hospitals, New York or Presbyterian. These hospitals stretch throughout the five boroughs, Westchester County, Long Island, and New Jersey.
The hospital, along with Weill Cornell Medicine and Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, runs the New York-Presbyterian Healthcare System, a network of independent, cooperating, acute-care and community hospitals, continuum-of-care facilities, home health agencies, ambulatory sites, and specialty institutes in the New York metropolitan area. The two medical schools remain essentially autonomous, though there is increasing cooperation and coordination of clinical, research, and residency training programs. The hospitals have merged administrations, with Herb Pardes, MD, leading the combined hospitals from 2000 to 2011. Steven Corwin, MD is now the Hospital system CEO.
The institution’s facilities are:
- NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Irving Medical Center
- NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center
- NewYork-Presbyterian Komansky Children’s Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Allen Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Westchester Behavioral Health Center, formerly the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic, and before that Bloomingdale Insane Asylum
- NewYork-Presbyterian Lower Manhattan Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Lawrence Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Hudson Valley Hospital
- NewYork-Presbyterian Queens
- NewYork-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital
Awards and recognition
As of 2020, the U.S. News and World Report rankings place NYPH overall as the fourth-best hospital in the United States. Every specialty was ranked in the top 50 by US News, and the following were ranked in the top 10 of hospitals around the country: cardiology and heart surgery (No. 4), gynecology (No. 4), nephrology (No. 2), neurology/neurosurgery (No. 3), psychiatry (No. 4), urology (No. 5), diabetes/endocrinology (No. 5), and rheumatology (No. 4), a collaborative program with the Hospital for Special Surgery.
Emergency medical services
New York-Presbyterian Emergency Medical Services (NYP-EMS) is a hospital-based ambulance service that has operated since 1981. NYP-EMS also operates critical care transport ambulances throughout the New York City Metropolitan Area. The service is licensed to operate in the 5 counties of New York City, Westchester, Putnam, and Dutchess counties in New York, and in the state of New Jersey for Basic Life Support and Specialty Care Transport. NYP-EMS provides emergency and non-emergency ambulance services, through the New York City 911 system and through the NYP-EMS Communications Center at Weill Cornell Medical Center. It also provides stand-by EMS services for events throughout the New York City area, including the Avon Walk for Breast Cancer and the NYC Triathlon.
NYP-EMS is also a New York State Department of Health approved training center for EMT and Paramedic programs, several of which are approved for college-level credit by the New York State Department of Education. NYP-EMS operates one of the largest American Heart Association Emergency Cardiac Care training centers in New York. NYP-EMS also maintains a Special Operations team trained in hazardous materials decontamination and technical rescue. This team, accompanied by several Weill Cornell Physicians, provided rescue and relief support on the Gulf Coast of Mississippi in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Most recently, the team decontaminated 28 patients after the 2007 New York City steam explosion in Midtown Manhattan on July 18, 2007.
In 2016 NYP purchased and fielded the first mobile stroke unit on the East Coast and as of 2018 is the only hospital in the country to field three such units. NYP-EMS operates 3 mobile stroke units based in Manhattan, Brooklyn, and Queens.
Four of NYP’s hospital complexes within the five boroughs of New York are rated as level I or II trauma centers by the state of New York.
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
The New York-Presbyterian Hospital / Columbia University Irving Medical Center is located on West 168th Street in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City. It contains an Emergency Room, an eye institute, a chapel, a garden, and more. It is situated on a 20-acre (81,000 m2) campus in the Washington Heights community of Manhattan and comprising roughly half of Columbia University’s nearly $3 billion annual budget, it provides leadership in scientific research, medical education, and more. New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Irving Medical Center are well known for their strong affiliation with the Neurological Institute of New York, which houses the departments of Neurology and Neurological Surgery as well as numerous research laboratories.
Weill Cornell Medical Center
Cornell Medical College was founded in 1898 and established an affiliation agreement with New York Hospital in 1913. The Medical College is divided into 20 academic departments. It is among the top-ranked clinical and medical research centers in the United States of America, although the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services’ Medicare program adjudged its rate of admission for heart failure patients to be worse than the national rate. Also housed here is the New York-Presbyterian Phyllis and David Komansky Center for Children’s Health. Located at 525 East 68th Street on the Upper East Side in Manhattan (E.68th and York Avenue), New York City, the Komansky Center for Children’s Health is a full-service pediatric “hospital within a hospital.” The Komansky Center was listed on the 2009 U.S. News & World Report “America’s Best Children’s Hospitals” “Honor Roll” and one of only 10 children’s hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties.
In August 2011, Becker’s Hospital Review listed the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/ Weill Cornell Medical Center as number 4 of the 100 Top Grossing Hospitals in America with $7.52 billion in gross revenue.
The Allen Hospital is located at 5141 Broadway and West 220th Street in the northernmost part of Inwood, Manhattan. The General Surgery Group of The Allen Hospital specializes in the treatment of hernias and gallbladder diseases. The Hospitalist group and Internal Medicine and Family Medicine residents care for adult medical patients. There is an active Labor and Delivery Department. It also has the Mila Conanan Memorial Chapel, named after Mila P. Conanan, who had been on the medical center staff for 20 years and the director of the operating room at the Allen Pavilion for three years before her death in 1990.
In 2020, Allen Hospital faced the COVID-19 pandemic along with the city. Among the casualties was the medical director of the emergency department, Dr. Lorna Breen. After contracting the COVID-19 coronavirus whilst treating patients and returning to work after recuperation, the police department in Charlottesville, Virginia, released a statement that Dr. Breen had died as a result of self-inflicted wounds shortly after they responded to an emergency call at her family home and she was taken to UVA Hospital. Police Chief RaShall Brackney was quoted in an official statement:
Frontline healthcare professionals and first responders are not immune to the mental or physical effects of the current pandemic. On a daily basis, these professionals operate under the most stressful of circumstances, and the Coronavirus has introduced additional stressors. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) can reduce the likelihood of being infected, but what they cannot protect heroes like Dr. Lorna Breen, or our first responders against is the emotional and mental devastation caused by this disease.
Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital
Located on 3959 Broadway (165th Street and Broadway), New York City, New York-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital is a pediatric hospital in New York-Presbyterian Hospital. They are especially known for their expertise in pediatric heart surgery. It was listed on the 2009 U.S. News & World Report “America’s Best Children’s Hospitals” “Honor Roll” and one of only 10 children’s hospitals in the nation to be ranked in all 10 clinical specialties. The hospital houses the only pediatric Level 1 Trauma Center in Manhattan.
Komansky Children’s Hospital
Komansky Children’s Hospital is a pediatric acute care hospital located within Weill Cornell Medical Center. The hospital has 103 beds and is affiliated with Weill Cornell Medical School. The hospital provides comprehensive pediatric specialties and subspecialties to pediatric patients aged 0–20 throughout New York City. Komansky Children’s Hospital features a Level II Trauma Center and houses the only pediatric burn unit in the region. The hospital was named for trustee David Komansky
Lower Manhattan Hospital
On July 1, 2013, NYP announced its merger with the former New York Downtown Hospital to form the Lower Manhattan Hospital (LMH) campus of the New York-Presbyterian Hospital. LMH is one of the few hospitals in Lower Manhattan south of Greenwich Village. The campus operates 170 beds and offers a full range of inpatient and outpatient services. LMH serves the diverse neighborhoods of Wall Street, Battery Park City, Chinatown, SoHo, TriBeCa, Little Italy, and the Lower East Side, and is the closest acute care facility to both the Financial District and to the seat of New York City’s government.
On July 10, 2015, NYP announced its merger with the former New York Hospital Queens (formerly known as Booth Memorial Medical Center) to form the Queen’s campus of the New York-Presbyterian Hospital. Located in Flushing, Queens, New York-Presbyterian/Queens is a teaching hospital affiliated with Weill Cornell Medical College that serves Queens and metro New York residents. The 535-bed tertiary care facility provides services in 14 clinical departments and numerous subspecialties, including 15,000 surgeries and 4,000 infant deliveries each year. With its network of affiliated primary and multispecialty care physician practices and community-based health centers, the hospital provides approximately 162,000 ambulatory care visits and 124,000 emergency service visits annually.
Hudson Valley Hospital
Founded in 1889 by the Helping Hand Association, New York-Presbyterian/Hudson Valley Hospital, located in Cortlandt Manor, New York, serves residents of the Hudson Valley and Westchester County. The 128-bed facility provides a wide range of ambulatory care and inpatient services, with 350 physicians on staff in 43 specialties. The hospital is home to the region’s only state-of-the-art, 24-hour “no wait” emergency department, which sees more than 39,000 visits per year. In 2011, the Cheryl R. Lindenbaum Cancer Center opened, offering the first comprehensive cancer center in the area, combining infusion, radiation therapy, and support services all under one roof.
Brooklyn Methodist Hospital
NewYork-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital is located in Park Slope in Brooklyn, New York, between 7th and 8th Avenues, on 6th Street. The academic hospital has 591 beds (including bassinets) and provides services to some 42,000 inpatients each year. In addition, approximately 500,000 outpatient visits and services are logged annually. New York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital offers specialized care in the following areas: advanced and minimally invasive surgery, advanced otolaryngology, asthma, and lung disease, cancer care, cardiology, and cardiac surgery, diabetes and other endocrine disorders, digestive and liver disorders, healthy aging, neurosciences, orthopedic medicine and surgery, vascular medicine and surgery, and women’s health.
NewYork–Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist Hospital is affiliated with Weill Cornell Medicine and is a teaching hospital for SUNY Downstate College of Medicine.
NewYork-Presbyterian Lawrence Hospital (commonly known as Lawrence Hospital and formerly known as Lawrence Hospital Center) is a general hospital located in Bronxville, New York that provides inpatient and outpatient care primarily to residents of southern Westchester County. It was founded in 1909 as Lawrence Hospital by prominent businessman William Van Duzer Lawrence, whose name the hospital bears, following the near-death of his son, Dudley, while en route to a hospital in New York City. The hospital annually treats 50,000 patients in its emergency department and delivers around 2,000 babies. Today, it is affiliated with Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and, as of 2015, has 400 physicians, 88% of whom are board-certified, with a total of 1,100 employees. It is recognized for excellence in orthopedics, obstetrics, oncology, and cardiology.
In 2005, Lawrence Hospital Center became an affiliate member of the NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System and in 2014 entered into a new partnership which resulted in the hospital being renamed NewYork-Presbyterian/Lawrence Hospital. Groundbreaking of a two-story, 40,000 sq. ft. cancer and surgery center occurred on June 18, 2013, whose construction cost $65 million. The center opened on November 21, 2016.
Ronald O. Perelman Heart Institute
Ronald O. Perelman Heart Institute is a “medical town square” dedicated to the treatment of heart disease patients in New York City. Ronald O. Perelman, chairman of MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings Inc., made a $50 million gift to the New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center on February 28, 2009, to establish the institute. The Heart Institute has a welcome center, a clinical trials enrollment center, and an interactive educational resource center that includes medical information on heart disease — with an added focus on cardiac disease in women.
In popular culture
The ABC documentary series NY Med, produced by ABC News, features New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center and New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center.
|Location||New York metropolitan area, New York, United States|
|Care system||Medicare, Medicaid, Public|
|Affiliated university||Weill Cornell Medicine|
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
|Opened||1771 (as New York Hospital)|
1868 (as Presbyterian Hospital)
1998 (as NewYork-Presbyterian)
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