IPv6 address types consist of unicast and multicast addresses along with anycast addresses. With IPv6, an interface is expected to have multiple addresses. It also listens to various multicast addresses. IPv4 addresses are either unicast, multicast or broadcast. In IPv6, broadcast addresses no longer exist.
- Unicast – uniquely identifies an interface. transmission to a single recipient.
- Link local – scope is limited to directly attached network (link) FE80::/10
- Unique local – technically, scope global, but it’s really limited to your network. similar to IPv4 private IP addresses. FC00::/7
- Global unicast – scope is global. similar to IPv4 public IP addresses. 2000::/3
- Multicast – transmission to several recipients.
- Assigned FF0s::/8
- Solicited Node FF02::1:FF00:0000/104
- Anycast – a collection of devices share the same IPv6 address. transmission is to the closest address topographically
- identical to unicast. only difference is administrative.
- Modified EUI 64
- EUI-64 – Extended Unique Identifier – a host can automatically assign itself a unique 64-bit IPv6 interface identifier without the need for manual configuration or DHCP
- Modified – the 7th bit is the universal/local bit. 1 for universal, 0 for local. purpose is to allow development of future technology that can take advantage of interface identifiers with universal scope
- Autoconfiguration – similar to DHCP in IPv4. Routers running IPv6 can give the network prefix and gateway address to clients looking for an IPv6 address.