The is a United States Navy two-dimensional, long range air search radar built by Raytheon that can provide contact bearing and range. It is a primary air-search radar for numerous ships in the U.S. fleet and in Spain, Poland, Taiwan aboard Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates, Canada on its Halifax-class frigates, New Zealand on its Anzac-class frigates and Australia on its Adelaide-class frigates and Anzac-class frigates. It formerly served in a complementary role aboard Aegis cruisers with the AN/SPY-1 but the systems are currently being removed during routine upgrade with no replacement.
First tested in 1965 aboard USS Gyatt and introduced in 1975, the AN/SPS-49 operates in the 851–942 MHz, or L-, band and has a range of 256 nautical miles (474 km). The orange-peel parabolic shape of the antenna creates a narrow 3.3°-beam to reduce the probability of detection or jamming. It can rotate at 6 rpm in long range mode or 12 rpm in short-range mode. Default is at 12 rpm for the AN/SPS-49A(V)1, to provide more frequent scans against incoming missiles. The SPS-49A(V)1 can detect out to its full range at either 6 or 12 rpm. The antenna is stabilised to compensate for ships pitch and roll, to a maximum of +/-15° for both pitch and roll in 12 rpm mode, and +/-23.5° for both pitch and roll in 6 rpm mode. The output stage of the transmitter in all variants uses a two-cavity klystron amplifier.
In 1998, the Inspector General of the Department of Defense reported that SPS-40 and SPS-49 radars in Bahrain were “unusable because the equipment operates on a frequency that interferes with the Bahrain telecommunications services”.
Band L Frequency Band: 850 to 942 MHz three selectable 30MHz bands 48 discrete frequencies Transmitting Power: 360 kW peak 280 kW specified peak power 12-13 kW average power Antenna Parameters: Parabolic Reflector stabilized for roll and pitch 7.3m/24 ft wide, 4.3m/14.2 ft high Rotating Clearance 8.7m/28.4 ft diameter Beamwidths: 3.3�-3.3� azimuth 11 elevation Cosec2 to 30�, csc2 to 20� elev Gain 28.5 dB Scan rate 6 or 12 rpm Line-of-sight mechanical stabilization to � 25 deg roll IFF antenna (AS-2188) mounted on boom Range 250 nm Minimum Range : 0.5 nmi Frequency Selection: Fixed or frequency agile Range Accuracy: 0.03 nmi Azimuth Accuracy: 0.5 deg PRF 280, 800, 1000 pps Pulse width 125 microsecond
As of 2014, there are eleven configurations of the AN/SPS-49(V).
- AN/SPS-49(V)1: Baseline radar (Various CVN, LHA, LSD and other ships)
- AN/SPS-49(V)2: (V)1 radar without the coherent side lobe cancellation feature (Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates)
- AN/SPS-49(V)3: (V)1 radar with the radar video processor (RVP) interface (FC-1) (USS Long Beach)
- AN/SPS-49(V)4: (V)2 with the RVP interface (Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates)
- AN/SPS-49(V)5: (V)1 with automatic target detection (ATD) (New Threat Upgrade (NTU) ships)
- AN/SPS-49(V)6: (V)3 system with double shielded cables and a modified cooling system (USS Ticonderoga)
- AN/SPS-49(V)7: (V)5 system with a (V)6 cooling system (Aegis combat system)
- AN/SPS-49(V)8: (V)5 system enhanced to include the AEGIS Tracker modification kit (Aegis combat system)
- AN/SPS-49(V)8 ANZ: (V)8 system modified to interface with the CelsiusTech 9LV-453 combat system (Anzac-class frigates)
- AN/SPS-49(V)9: (V)5 with medium PRF upgrade (MPU)
- AN/SPS-49A(V)1: Developed in the mid-1990s. Added radial speed determination on each target, each scan. Improved clutter rejection