Pope Pius V issues the bull Regnans in Excelsis which excommunicates Queen Elizabeth of England.
Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex and former favorite of Elizabeth I, is beheaded in the Tower of London for high treason.
Dutch settlers slaughter lower Hudson Valley Indians in New Netherland, North America, who sought refuge from Mohawk attackers.
The British surrender the Illinois country to George Rogers Clark at Vincennes.
American General Nathaniel Greene crosses the Dan River on his way to attack Cornwallis.
President George Washington signs a bill creating the Bank of the United States.
Thomas Jefferson is nominated for president at the Democratic-Republican caucus.
Napoleon leaves his exile on the island of Elba, returning to France.
The Polish army halts the Russian advance into their country at the Battle of Grochow.
Samuel Colt patents the first revolving cylinder multi-shot firearm.
Confederate troops abandon Nashville, Tennessee, in the face of Grant’s advance. The ironclad Monitor is commissioned at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.
General Joseph E. Johnston replaces John Bell Hood as Commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
J.M. Synge’s play Riders to the Sea opens in Dublin.
The 13th Dalai Lama flees from the Chinese and takes refuge in India.
The 16th Amendment to the constitution is adopted, setting the legal basis for the income tax.
Oregon introduces the first state tax on gasoline at one cent per gallon, to be used for road construction.
Poland demands a permanent seat on the League of Nations council.
Bell Labs introduces a new device to end the fluttering of the television image.
U.S. troops retake the Kasserine Pass in Tunisia, where they had been defeated five days before.
U.S. forces destroy 135 Japanese planes in Marianas and Guam.
French colonial forces evacuate Hoa Binh in Indochina.
Stalin is secretly disavowed by Khrushchev at a party congress for promoting the “cult of the individual.”
The U.S. Supreme Court rules that states may ban the hiring of illegal aliens.