Fauvism /ˈfoʊvɪzm̩/ is the style of les Fauves (French for “the wild beasts”), a group of early 20th-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. While Fauvism as a style began around 1904 and continued beyond 1910, the movement as such lasted only a few years, 1905–1908, and had
Read More
Abstract art
Abstract art uses a visual language of shape, form, color, and line to create a composition that may exist with a degree of independence from visual references in the world. Western art had been, from the Renaissance up to the middle of the 19th century, underpinned by the logic of perspective and an attempt to
Read More
Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO; Bulgarian: Вътрешна Македонска Революционна Организация (ВМРО), Vatreshna Makedonska Revolyutsionna Organizatsiya (VMRO); Macedonian: Внатрешна Македонска Револуционерна Организација, Vnatrešna Makedonska Revolucionerna Organizacija) was a secret revolutionary society in the Ottoman territories in Europe, that operated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Founded in 1893 in Salonica, initially, it aimed to gain autonomy for Macedonia and Adrianople regions in the Ottoman
Read More
Albanian revolutionary organizations
This list includes revolutionary organizations aimed at liberating and unifying Albanian-inhabited territories into a national state of Albania—it only includes organizations established after the League of Prizren (1877) and before the establishment of the Albanian Kingdom (1928–39). League of Prizren (January 5, 1877–April 1881), founded by Ottoman Albanian beys League of Peja (1899–1900), founded by former League of
Read More
Greek revolutionary organizations
This list includes revolutionary organizations aimed at liberating and unifying Greek-inhabited territories into the historical national state of Greece. Organization Active Notes Ellinoglosso Xenodocheio 1814 Filiki Eteria 1814–21 Established in Odessa. Organizer of the Greek War of Independence. Ethniki Etaireia 1894–96 Hellenic Macedonian Committee 1890s–08 Faction in the Macedonian Struggle. Northern Epirotes 1914 EOKA 1955–59 EOKA
Read More
Serb revolutionary organizations
This list includes revolutionary organizations aimed at liberating and unifying Serb-inhabited territories into the historical national state of Serbia—it only includes organizations established after the Principality of Serbia (1815) and before the establishment of Second Yugoslavia (1945). Organization Establishment Notes Serbian Revolutionary organization 1803–04 Niš Secret Organization 1820, in Niš Serb National Board (Srpski narodni odbor)
Read More
Rise of nationalism in Europe
The rise of nationalism in Europe initiated with the Spring of Nations in 1848. American political science professor Leon Baradat has argued that “nationalism calls on people to identify with the interests of their national group and to support the creation of a state – a nation-state – to support those interests.” Nationalism was the ideological
Read More
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well
Read More
Modern art
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s and denotes the styles and philosophies of the art produced during that era. The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a
Read More